General Mango Information

 

Scientific name: Mangifera indica L.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Order: Sapindales

Common names: Mango, Mangot, Manga, MangouEnglish: MangoDutch: MangoGerman: Mangobaum, MangofruchtFrench: Mangue, Fruit du ManguierItalian: MangoSpanish: Mango
Origin: Southern Asia, Burma, eastern India

Distribution: All tropical regions of the world.

Evergreen or deciduous: Evergreen

Flowers: Yellowish or creamy color

Leaves: Dark green above and pale below. Flushes of young leaves are usually reddish or yellowish.

Climate and weather: Lowland tropical and subtropical areas. Requires a frost-free climate. Must have warm dry weather to set fruit.

Pollination: Pollination by flies, hoverflies, bees. High humidity and rain will result in poor pollination. Mango trees are monoecious and self-fertile.

Height: 10-15 meter (but sometimes higher)

Crown size: 4-7 meter (or even bigger)

Blooming period: December-January (Thailand), January-March in California

Type of soil: Any well-drained soil.

Preferred pH: 5.5 – 7.5

Moisture: Moderate. Avoid wet soils.

Light: Full-day sunlight

Growth rate: Moderate

Spacing (close range) 4 meter

Spacing (wide range) 8 meter

Canopy: Often broad and rounded. Good as a shade tree.

Propagation: Grafting of selected cultivars on seedling rootstocks

Insect pests: Scales, mealybugs, mites, psyllids, fruit flies.

Diseases: Powdery mildew on flowers, bacterial spot on leaves and fruits, anthracnose

Fruit development: From flowering to maturity takes 100-150 days.

Harvesting: Pick mangos when fully ripe off the tree.

Uses: Eat as a dessert fruit. Also used to produce juice, jam or jelly. Unripe fruits can be used to prepare pickles or chutney

 
 
 

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